The Arduino project started at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea (IDII) in Ivrea, Italy. At that time, the students used a BASIC Stamp microcontroller at a cost of $50, a considerable expense for many students. As you know, In 2003 Hernando Barragán created the development platform wiring as a Master’s thesis project at IDII, Massimo Banzi and Casey Reas (known for his work on Processing) were supervisors for my thesis.
You can download full thesis:- http://people.interactionivrea.org/h.barragan/thesis/thesis_low_res.pdf
The team of five developers worked on the thesis and when the new wiring platform was complete, they worked to make it much lighter, less expensive, and available to the open source community.
The core members of the Arduino developer team are Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles, Tom Igoe, Gianluca Martino, and David Mellis.
The First Prototype Board
Well, Banzi succeeded in creating the first prototype board in the year 2005; it was a simple design and at that time, it wasn’t called Arduino. Of course, by now, you would know how he had coined the name later that year.
The Complete Arduino project is a fork of the open-source platform name is Wiring and is programmed using a Wiring-based language (syntax and libraries), similar to C and C++ with some modifications and simplifications, and a Processing-based integrated development environment (IDE).
It was estimated in mid-2011 that over 300,000 official Arduinos had been commercially produced, and in 2013 that 700,000 official boards were in users’ hands. In October 2016, Federico Musto, Arduino’s former CEO, secured a 50% ownership of the company.
In 2017 October, Arduino announced its partnership with ARM. The announcement said, in part, “ARM recognized independence as a core value of Arduino” Arduino intends to continue to work with all technology vendors and architectures.